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Romans were very clean and spent many hours at public baths or bathing at home. These are the Roman bath at Bath, England

Historical Facts: How Romans Lived

In the big cities, rich Romans had a comfortable way of life.

Romans were very clean and spent many hours at public baths or bathing at home. These are the Roman bath at Bath, England

For breakfast, Romans typically ate bread or biscuits with honey, dates or olives, and water or wine.

A Roman lunch (prandium) consisted of much the same things as breakfast

Roman had Cena (the main meal) in the afternoon, typically after a visit to the baths. This became a very lavish affair with three main courses, and each course had many dishes.

Rich Romans had a lot of free time, since slaves did all the work. Leisure activities included gambling by tossing coins (capita et navia) and knucklebones (tali)

Public entertainments were called ludi (games). They included theatre, chariot races, and fights with gladiators (trained fighters) and animals.

The Emperor Trajan went to a gladiator contest that lasted 117 days and involved 10, 000 gladiators.

Romans had more slaves than any empire in history. Many were treated cruelly, but some lived quite well.

Between 73 and 71 BC, a man called Spartacus led a revolt of slaves that lasted two years, until it was crushed by Roman armies.

Romans were very clean and spent many hours at public baths or bathing at home. These are the Roman bath at Bath, England

The Titans:

After the war between the gods and the Titans, the god Zeus punished the Titans Atlas by commanding him to hold up the skies on his shoulders.

The Titans were 12 immortals in Greek and Roman mythology

The strongest of the Titans was Atlas – he held up the sky. The cleverest was Prometheus.

  A Titan called Epimetheus is said to have married the first mortal woman, Pandora.

The Titan Helios became god of the Sun. Selene became goddess of the mood.

Oceanus became god of the river that the Greeks believed surrounded the Earth.

Themis became goddess of prophecies at a city called Delphi.

Rhea became an earth goddess.

A prophecy said that the youngest Titan, Cronus, would be overthrown by his own son. So, when Cronus’s children were born, he ate them. However, his wife hid one child away – this was Zeus.

When Zeus was older, he fed Cronus a cup of poison which caused him to vomit up all the other children he had swallowed. These emerged as the fully-grown gods and goddesses: Poseidon, Hades, Hera, Demeter and Hestia.

Zeus and his brothers and sisters fought against the Titans for ten years. The Titans were finally overthrown when the gods and goddesses secured the help of the Hundred Handed Giants and Cyclopes.

The Titans were hurled into an underworld realm of punishment called Tartarus. There, they were bound in chains forever.

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