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Economy

The Promise of a New Revenue Formula

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By Salisu Na’inna Dambatta

It is interesting that a new Revenue Sharing Formula by the Revenue Mobilization, Allocation and Fiscal Commission (RMAFC) will be worked out soon to replace the 20-year old existing version.

The Chairman of the Revenue Mobilization Allocation and Fiscal Commission, Mr. Elias Mbam said that in addition to a new sharing formula, the Commission will “expand the sources of revenue for the Federation.

“I intend to do this through diversification in areas outside Oil and Gas, and that includes solid minerals, agriculture and manufacturing.

There is no doubt that the existing renenue allocation formula has been subjected to criticisms by politicians and development experts who believe that the 52.68 per cent allocated to the Federal Government; the 26.72 per cent to the States and 20.60 per cent for  the 744 Local Government Areas in the country is due for retouching.

However, it is important to note that in the Nigerian peculiar way of doing things, every Revenue Allocation formula, from the first one introduced in 1948 (on the recommendation of Hicks Philipson Commission of 1946) as part of the Richardson Constitution for the three regions of Nigeria to the extant version, has always been criticised or opposed by people who expressed their various perspectives on how the formulae should have been formulated.

It is to tamper those varied perspectives with reasoning that a framework, based on over a dozen of factors or indices, was developed to accommodate various interests and address divergent concerns and foster national acceptance for it.

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The indices in the framework listed by  Victor I. Lukpata, Ph.D of the Department of History and Diplomatic Studies, Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, are: Basic needs; Minimum Material Standards; Balanced Development; Derivation;Equality of Access to Development Opportunities;Independent Revenue/Tax effort;Absorptive Capacity and Fiscal Efficiency. Others are Minimum responsibility of Government; Population; Social Development Factor; Equality of States; Landmass and Terrain and finally, Internal Revenue Generation Effort.

The above principles have continued to serve as the yardstick for revenue allocation up to this day.

Each state of the Federation,  the 744 Local Government Areas and the Federal Government get a portion from the Federation Account based on these indices. On its part, the Federal Government gets the portion assigned to it because of the huge responsibilies it bears: ensuring national security, caring for the Armed Forces, the Police Force, Foreign Relations, building and maintenance of the most critical roadways, the railways, internal and international maritime services, Customs, Education, Health, Agriculture and National Food Security and the provision of many more money-guzzling public goods nationwide.

In the process of sharing the revenue, the Federal Ministry of Finance chairs the Federation Account Allocation Committee (FAAC) every month. The Secretariat of FAAC is at that Ministry, but the Department of FAAC is domiciled in the Office of the Accountant-General of the Federation (OAGF).

The Commissioners for Finance of the 36 states, a representative of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, are members of FAAC, as are revenue-related entities including the RMAFC, the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), the Nigeria Customs Service (NCS), the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS).

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Much is at stake when it comes to revenue sharing. The quantam of money involved makes it so as the following facts reflect. The sum of N8 trillion was shared in 2018 in spite of the shut-ins in several oil installations. The Federation Account Allocation Committee (FAAC) disbursed a total sum of N6.418 trillion in 2017. It was N5. 1 trillion in 2016 and N6. 011 in 2015 respectly.

Every state in the country, except two, get most of the cash they use in paying  for the services and development projects they deliver to the public from FAAC disbursements. Their internal revenue generation ability is limited by many factors, including lack of seriousness.

That lack of seriousness led to paucity of funds in the states to the extent that workers could not be paid their monthly entitlements. The federal government lent the states just over N2 trillion, beside paying them billions of Naira in refund regarding Paris Club debt write-off in favour of Nigeria.

Given the life-line status of shared revenues for the three tiers of Government in the country, a promise to craft a new Revenue Sharing Formula for the country by the RMAFC is an exciting matter. So, the nation is eagerly awaiting  the new formula, which will ensure that the Federal

Government gets enough resources to provide the kind of services expected from the Centre.

 However, it is possible to expand and further diversify the revenue base. The Federal Inland Revenue Service has demonstrated that by bringing more taxables to the tax net. 

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Indeed, the FIRS has announced that it is now targeting a tax base of 45 million taxables, according to the Executive Secretary, Joint Tax Board (JTB), Mr Oseni Elamah.

Elama said that as at December, 2018, Nigeria’s tax payers data base expanded from 20 million (in 2015) to 35 million. This is a huge increase by any measure.

The taxpayers base can actually surpass the 45 million target if the over 1,000 uncaptured sources of tax identified by researchers commissioned by the Federal Ministry of Finance are brought into the tax net. This was disclosed by former Minister for Finance, Mrs. Kemi Adeosun in a speech in Kano on July 14, 2016 at a Conference on Taxation and Revenue generation.

“Minister of Finance, Mrs. Kemi Adeosun in Kano said the Federal Government had identified more than 1,000 dormant revenue lines, assuring, however, that such huge dormant revenue opportunities will be maximised,” a medium reported.

The RMAFC should in collaboration with other relevant sister agencies take advantage of the work done earlier in its Chairman’s drive to expand the revenue base for the three tiers of Government. It is a desirable and doable task.

The Muhammadu Buhari-led administration will simply add another important achievement in the huge legacy it will leave behind for the benefit of future generations of Nigeria if the revenue sharing or allocation formula is redesigned and dormant revenue-yielding lines are activated.

Economy

Nigeria’ll Meet OPEC Quota by May 2023 – Sylva

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Minister of State Petroleum Resources, Chief Timipre Sylva, said Nigeria is working to meet the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) crude oil production quota of 1.8 million bpd by May 2023.

Sylvia said this in a statement signed by his Senior Adviser, Media and Communications, Horatius Egua, after OPEC agreed to maintain its production cut among member countries to maintain market stability on Monday.

He said the Federal Government would continue to improve security along the tracks of the major crude oil pipelines and block every leakage through which crude oil are stolen by oil thieves and pipeline vandals.

Sylvia said that the inability of Nigeria to meet the current OPEC quota was not due to lack of production capacity on the part of crude oil producers.

He said it was because a lot of producers decided not to inject into the pipelines because they were losing a lot of their productions when they inject into the pipelines.

“Once we are able to build enough confidence in the security of the pipelines, they (producers) will then be able to inject into the pipelines once again and once that happens, we will be able to meet up with our OPEC quotas.

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“That is where we are going and the early signals are there that we are making very good progress.

“Our pipelines have issues and we put security structure in place involving the communities, the security, oil companies and government and we are beginning to see some early signs of improvement.

“Our production for example has improved from where we were in the past.

“We are producing over a million barrels now and we believe that when we have built confidence enough on the pipelines and all the producers begin to inject into the pipelines that have been secured, we will be able to meet our OPEC quota,” he said.

He said that with the current rehabilitations of the Port Harcourt, Warri refineries as well as the planned fixing of the Kaduna refinery and the coming on stream of the Dangote Refinery, Nigeria was sure of guaranteed crude production to ease incessant fuel crisis.

According to him, between Port Harcourt, Warri and Kaduna there are over 410,000 barrels and if we have all that refined in-country that will be at least half of our consumption and with Dangote refinery which is expected to come on stream by first quarter next year.

He expressed hope that even before the third quarter of 2023 Nigeria should be able to exit the importation of refined products.

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Speaking on the discovery of crude oil in Kolmani, a border town between Bauchi and Gombe states, the minister said Nigeria should brace up for more oil adding that only the Niger Delta region had been explored for oil despite potentials in other regions.

Sylva said Nigeria would not be dealing with crude oil as only an income earner but as an economic enabler to avoid the crisis that hallmarked oil discovery in the Niger Delta region. (NAN)

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Economy

Give Us Petrol at Official Ex-depot Price, lPMAN Tasks NNPC

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Ejigbo Satellite Depot of the Independent Petroleum Marketers Association of Nigeria (IPMAN) has urged the Nigerian National Petroleum Company Ltd. (NNPCL) to give same window given to Major Oil Marketers Association of Nigeria (MOMAN) to buy fuel at regulated depot price of N148.17 per litre.

The Chairman of IPMAN Ejigbo Depot, Mr Akin Akinrinade, made the appeal in Lagos yesterday while addressing the media on the price disparity of petrol to IPMAN members by depot owners.

Akinrinade wondered why private depots get petrol from NNPCL at official rate of N148. 17 per litre but sell at N220 per liter ex-depot price to IPMAN.

He, however, issued seven days ultimatum to NNPCL to work out a concrete arrangement for IPMAN to buy fuel at regulated price of N148.17 per litre.

He said that lPMAN had an agreement with NNPCL on fuel supply but has refused to adhere to the agreement.

“We have noticed the price disparity at which NNPC is selling petrol to major marketers at regulated price and the private depot are selling to the independent marketers at N220 per litre.

“Major marketers are selling at the rate of N170 per litre in their stations and retail outlets are selling at N169 at their stations.

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“The private depots are selling ex-depot price at N220 per litre to us, which means that after paying N220 per litre, we still have to add other costs like transportation, logistics among other costs.”

According to the chairman, this has led to an increase in the price of petrol at IPMAN stations, adding that members now sell at N250 per litre and above to stay in business.

“We are no longer comfortable with this because Nigerians now see us as the black sheep.

“So, we want Nigerians to know that it is not of our making and that the authorities should address the issues around the price disparity”.

Akinrinade said that members found themselves in such situation due to moribund NNPCL depots that were neglected.

“We loaded here last at satellite depot in Lagos since December 2021, but, throughout 2022, we have not load a drop of product here.

“Ordinarily, NNPC is supposed to make arrangement for us to load through the private depots but they have abandoned that arrangement.

“That is why we have no choice but to buy from the private depot owners who use us to make money.

“I wonder why they are now selling to us at N220 per litre,” he said.

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“Petrol is regulated and held in trust for Nigerians, why are private depots owners profiteering?.

“We are all commission agents in the petroleum business as long as the product is been subsidised.

“We are using this medium again to call on NNPC to make arrangement for IPMAN through the private depots such that we can load in those depots as we used to, paying government regulated price.

“Before now we used to buy at the rate of N148 and with that, we can sell at N170 but it is no longer so because the private depots are selling to us at the rate of N220 per litre ex-depot price,” Akinrinade said.

Akinrinade said that IPMAN was simply asking for fair competition, adding that the competition was no longer fair.

He said that lPMAN members were losing customers because they could no longer buy at the price of N250 and above. (NAN)

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Economy

DMO Concludes Issuance Of N100bn Sukuk Bonds For Road Projects

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By Tony Obiechina, Abuja 

The Debt Management Office (DMO) has announced the conclusion of the issuance of N100 billion Sovereign Al ‘Ijarah Sukuk bond for the construction and rehabilitation of key road projects in the country.

In a statement on Monday, DMO said that the bond, which was issued on November 21, 2022, and was supported by wide public sensitization to encourage subscription from diverse investors, was oversubscribed to N130 billion due to the over 165 percent subscription level.

The Sukuk was issued at a rental rate of 15.64 percent per annum, bringing the total Sovereign Sukuk issuance to N742.557 billion as of today.

“The level of subscription is evidence of investors’ confidence in the use and impact of Sukuk in the construction and rehabilitation of road infrastructure across the country,” DMO said.

“The DMO appreciates all the investors (Retail Investors, Banks, Pension Fund Administrators, Assets/Fund Managers, Insurances Companies, Ethical Funds, Takaful Operators/Non-Interest Banks, Stockbrokers, Government Agencies, High Net Worth Individuals, Trustees and Unit Trusts) who have continued to support the Federal Government’s infrastructure development efforts through Sukuk financing. 

“The strong participation of retail investor, ethical funds and non-interest financial institutions in this Sukuk Offering, attest to the fact that the Government’s objective of promoting financial inclusion through admitting more retail investors and ethical funds into the financial system is being achieved.

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“The DMO on its part, will work to sustain the laudable achievements recorded so far in the use of Sukuk Issue Proceeds for the construction and rehabilitation of Nigerian roads, and thereby, continue to enhance ease of commuting and doing business, safety on our roads, job creation, economic growth, and prosperity of our nation,” the statement added.

The term Sukuk means financial certificates, also commonly referred to as “sharia compliant” bonds in Arabic.

The issuance of Sukuk bond by DMO started in September 2017 as a strategy by the Federal Government to support the development of infrastructure, promote financial inclusion and deepen the domestic securities market in the country.

The debut Sovereign Sukuk, which was issued in 2017, brought in N100 billion to finance the rehabilitation and construction of 25 road projects across the six geopolitical zones. The DMO also issued a Sukuk for N100 billion in 2018 and another for N162.55 billion in 2020 as well as about N250 billion in 2021.

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