Urologist Lists Causes of Prostrate Enlargement
An Abuja – based Urologist, Dr Augustine Agbasi has said that Overactive Bladder (OAB) causes enlarged prostate in most men.
Agbasi told the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN), on Wednesday in Abuja, that there were other numerous factors that could also lead to the symptoms.
“Overactive bladder (OAB) is a relatively common condition.Typical symptoms include frequent urination, frequent night time urination, persistent urge to urinate, and urine leakage or incontinence. ”
The urologist said that other factors that could lead to OAB were infection in the bladder, bladder stones or bladder cancer.
“Neurological conditions, such as stroke or Parkinson’s disease, could also lead to OAB because of nerve damage that result in sending incorrect signals to the bladder.”
He said that it was also possible for temporary factors to cause symptoms of OAB.
“If a man drinks a lot of fluids, especially those that are caffeinated or contain alcohol, if a man take medications that increase urine output, or if they are constipated, they might experience an increased need to urinate,” he said.
Agbasi said that about 30 per cent of men experience symptoms. It was possible that even more men have the condition, but never seek help.
“If you suspect you have OAB, talk to your doctor. There are a variety of treatment options that may help.
“OAB can cause an urgent need to urinate. A man might need to urinate up to eight times a day. He might also experience nocturia, or the need to urinate at least twice overnight.
“Another common symptom of overactive bladder is urge incontinence. This happens when the urge to urinate is so strong that a man can’t control it, causing urine to leak before he makes it to the bathroom.
“It may occur when he laughs, sneezes, coughs, or exercises,” he explained.
The urologist said that many overactive bladders were caused by an enlarged prostate gland.
“The prostate may get larger as a man ages. It can block his flow of urine, causing symptoms of overactive bladder,” he explained.
According to him, up to 50 per cent of men experience symptoms of an enlarged prostate by the time they turn 60. A whopping 90 per cent of men experience symptoms by age 85.
He however, recommended a change in lifestyle for people who were diagnosed with OAB.
“If a man is diagnosed with OAB, he should keep a record of his bathroom habits, stick to a regular bathroom schedule, use absorbent pads to manage leaks, adjust his diet and maintain a healthy weight to help relax the surrounding muscles to improve their urine flow,” he advised. (NAN)
Bauchi State Detects 7,806 Cases of Tuberculosis
Bauchi State recorded 7,806 cases of tuberculosis in 2022, Dr Sani Mohammad, Executive Secretary, Bauchi State Agency for the Control of HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, Leprosy and Malaria said on Monday in Bauchi.
He made the declaration at a news conference to mark the 2023 World Tuberculosis Day.
Mohammed represented the Commissioner for Health, Dr Sabiu Gwalabe, at the news conference.
He said the figure was an increase of 2,154 over the 5,652 recorded in 2021.
The WHO set aside March 24 to mark the World Tuberculosis Day annually to raise awareness about tuberculosis and efforts to end the pandemic.
He said also that the 2022 figure, representing about 53 per cent increase of the 2021 level was the highest recorded so far in the state.
“Out of the 5,518 new cases that were placed on treatment in 2022, about 5,192; that is 94 per cent were successfully treated at the end of the year.
“Bauchi State currently has 794 free tuberculosis treatment centres, 127 diagnostic centres and 15 GeneXperts,’’ he said.
Mohammed said the state government, in collaboration with implementing partners such as Breakthrough Action-Nigeria, was conducting active case findings across Bauchi State.
He said that the 2023 World Tuberculosis Day would be celebrated with series of phone-in television and radio programmes to increase awareness.
Nutritional support for some patients and combined free testing and treatment for tuberculosis, COVID-19, HIV, Hepatitis and Malaria, would also be provided, he added.
In his remarks, Dr Yakubu Abdullahi, Director, Tuberculosis Control Programme in Bauchi State, said the agency would train paediatric doctors from secondary and tertiary institutions on case detection among children.
He said that there was collaboration also between the agency and nutritional clinics in the state to detect tuberculosis in children.
“Diagnosing tuberculosis in children is a challenge, but we have decided to use their stools as samples,’’ Abdullahi said. (NAN)
EU Allocates N75m to Prevent Diphtheria Spread in Nigeria
By Laide Akinboade, Abuja
In order to help Nigeria to prevent the spread of diphtheria cases which started at the beginning of 2023, the European Union, EU, has released €150,000 (N75 million) in humanitarian funds.
The money has been released to assist the most affected communities in the states of Kano, Katsina, Lagos, and Osun.
A statement issued by the EU and made available to journalists in Abuja, yesterday, said the EU funding would enable the Nigerian Red Cross to provide emergency assistance to reduce the impact of diphtheria on affected and at-risk communities through risk communication, outbreak control activities, surveillance, patient referral and hygiene promotion, and early case detection in affected areas.
“Humanitarian assistance will, directly and indirectly, target around 1,585,080 people, with a particular focus on vulnerable people at risk of diphtheria, those living in sheltered communities or hard-to-reach locations.
“This funding is part of the EU’s overall contribution to the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC).
“On 20 January 2023, the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (NCDC) officially declared an outbreak of diphtheria in Kano and Lagos states after several suspected cases appeared a month earlier. The disease then spread rapidly to other states. From 136 cases in the first week of 2023, the country now records a total of 733 suspected cases and deplores 89 fatalities.
“The outbreak is described as one of the most serious occurrences in Nigeria in recent years. Children aged between 5 and 18 years are the most vulnerable group.
“Diphtheria is a highly contagious bacterial infection transmitted between humans. It causes an infection of the upper respiratory tract, which can lead to breathing difficulties and suffocation. Those most at risk are children and people who have not been fully vaccinated against the disease,” the statement read.
Tuberculosis: Africa Achieves 26% Death Reduction, WHO Says
By Laide Akinboade, Abuja
The World Health Organization (WHO) has said that the African continent was progressing in its efforts to mitigate Tuberculosis related deaths, as it has achieved a 26 per cent success rate so far.
WHO’s Africa Regional Director Matshdiso Moeti, made this known on Friday, in a statement released to mark the 2023 world Tuberculosis day.
“The region is now on the threshold of reaching 35 percent TB death reduction,” she said, adding that the 26 percent reduction recorded was achieved between 2015 and 2021.
However, Matshdiso said seven countries— Eswatini, Kenya, Mozambique, South Soudan, Togo, Uganda, and Zambia have achieved a 35 per cent reduction level in TB death since 2015.
Furthermore, Matshdiso decried the challenges in TB prevention and control experienced in the region.
“First, there is a delay in diagnosis and testing. There is still a notable gap between the estimated number of new infections and case notifications of TB – 40 per cent of people living with TB did not know of their diagnosis or it was not reported in 2021.
“One million people are living with TB in the region and have not been detected.
“Second, the link between TB and HIV. Approximately 20 per cent of people newly diagnosed with TB are also living with HIV infection.
“Third, the multi-drug resistant TB. In the African region, only 26 per cent of all people living with multi-drug resistance are receiving the appropriate treatment,” she said.
Albeit, Matshdiso expressed delight that member states are increasing the uptake of new tools and guidance recommended by WHO, resulting in early access to TB prevention and care and better outcomes.
She further noted that in the African Region, the use of rapid diagnostic testing has increased from 34 per cent in 2020 to 43 per cent in 2021, which will improve countries’ ability to detect and diagnose new cases of the disease.
“It is particularly important to find and diagnose cases of TB so that the patients can be treated, and their contacts offered preventive medication. Nigeria is an example of a country that managed to significantly increase national TB case finding by 50 per cent in 2021 using innovative approaches such as the expansion of the daily observed treatment protocols, use of digital technologies, Community Active Case Finding, and enlisting Public Private Mix initiatives.”
She said that TB required concerted action by all sectors: from communities and businesses to governments, civil society, and others.
“We must work together to develop innovative approaches to reach vulnerable populations and ensure that they have access to quality TB care and management,” said Matshdiso.
She further disclosed that the second UN High-level Meeting on TB in September 2023 will provide a rare opportunity to give global visibility to the disease and mobilize high-level political commitment to end TB.
DAILY ASSET reports that World TB Day is commemorated yearly on March 24 to raise public awareness about the devastating health, social and economic consequences of this preventable disease and call for accelerated action to end it.
This year’s theme is “Yes, we can end TB,” highlighting the need to ensure equitable access to prevention and care, in line with the drive towards Universal Health Coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals
Read Our ePaper
NMA Demands Apology from Nurses’ Association over Alleged Humiliation of Member
Share Post Views: 74 The Nigerian Medical Association (NMA) FCT Chapter has demanded for an unreserved public apology from the...
300 Christian Pilgrims Depart for Israel, Jordan
Share Post Views: 76 Three hundred Christian pilgrims departed Nigeria on Thursday on a nine-day pilgrimage to the Holy Land....
PDP Groups Demand Review of Nasarawa Guber Election as Protest Persists
Share Post Views: 85 A coalition of groups within the Peoples Democratic Party in Nasarawa State have expressed displeasure over...
INEC Plans Full Digital Election for 2027- INEC National Commissioner
Share Post Views: 87 From Dan Amasingha, Minna Despite the outcry that greeted the hitches recorded with the use of...
World Bank Announces Ajay Banga as Sole Nominee for President
Share Post Views: 71 The World Bank Group’s Board of Executive Directors announced that Ajay Banga, a U.S. national, was...
Nigeria’s Debt Stock Hits N46trn
Share Post Views: 73 Nigeria’s total public debt stock as at Dec.31, 2022 stands at N46.25 trillion (103.11 billion dollars)....
PDP Makes U- turn, Lifts Suspension on Ortom, Fayose, Anyim, Shema, Others
Share Post Views: 95 By Johnson Eyiangho, Gom Mirian (Abuja) & David Torough, Makurdi Two days after the sack of...
Regular Demolitions ‘ll End Insecurity – FCTA
Share Post Views: 42 By Laide Akinboade, Abuja The Federal Capital Territory Administration (FCTA), Thursday, said its commitment to ensuring...
FCTA Vows to Demolish Structures on Waterways
Share Post Views: 54 By Laide Akinboade, Abuja As part of the proactive measures to mitigate flooding in Abuja, the...
Kick-off and Final Match Dates Confirmed for 2023 AFCON in Cote d’Ivoire
Share Post Views: 81 Dates for the kick-off and final matches at the 2023 Africa Cup of Nations (AFCON) scheduled...