The $12 billion Dangote refinery and petrochemicals complex has been tipped as having the potential to transform the African economy.
This was the verdict of oil and gas stakeholders at the just ended Ghana International Petroleum Conference (GhIPCON) in Accra, Ghana themed ‘Regional Collaboration; A Catalyst for Transformation’.
The conference was organised by the country’s Ministry of Energy and the National Petroleum Authority.
The stakeholders pointed out that with a wobbling Gross Domestic Product of $1.8 trillion, countries in Sub-Saharan Africa were on the cusp of economic transformation, with the imminent coming on-stream of Dangote refinery, particularly as the region is expected to be the direct beneficiary of the 650,000 barrels-per-day refinery, which will drastically reduce the countries’ fuel import majorly from Europe with expected impact on foreign exchange outflows.
The Sub-Saharan Africa presently boasts of over 132 trillion barrels of proven oil reserves, more than eight per cent of the world’s supply. Yet, it exports most of this oil to overseas refineries; which has for long denied the region of the huge opportunity for economic transformation.
The inability of African countries to locally refine its oil has taken a huge toll on their economies, with 48.5 per cent of the region’s population living below $1.25 per day and life expectancy hovering at 56 years.
Group Executive Director, Strategy, Capital Projects & Portfolio Development, Devakumar Edwin said at the conference that the refinery would soon come on stream to the benefit of the region whose economy had largely depended on imports from Europe and the west, and that the Dangote refinery will foster regional harmonisation in the distribution of cleaner petroleum products in West Africa.
Edwin, who was represented by the Technical Adviser to the President of Dangote Group on Refinery and Petrochemicals, Engr. Babajide Soyode, expressed belief that the completion of Dangote Refinery and other modular refineries projects across West Africa, would lead to the integration of the downstream industries, and stabilise the prices of petroleum products across the African sub-region.
He emphasised the need for other investors in West Africa to emulate the investment drive of Aliko Dangote in the downstream petroleum sector and make the sub-region an exporter of refined products.
Edwin also urged investors in Africa to take the bull by the horn by investing in the downstream sector.
“If Dangote can do it, any investor can do it. Dangote has not waited for government to regulate the downstream sector before starting the construction of the refinery. We don’t need foreign investors to turn around our downstream sector. African investors should be able to emulate Dangote and revive the African downstream petroleum industry,” he said.
He assured the stakeholders that the refinery is designed to process multiple grades of domestic and foreign crude, which can be converted into high-quality gasoline, diesel, kerosene, and aviation fuels that meet Euro V emissions specifications.
To bridge this gap and ensure cleaner fuel in the sub-region, Dangote Oil Refinery is being designed to accommodate multiple grades of domestic and foreign crude, and process them into high-quality petrol, diesel, kerosene, and aviation fuels that would meet Euro V emissions’ specifications, plus polypropylene. The facility, according to him, would be integrated with a petrochemical unit that will produce polypropylene and fertilisers.
Edwin said Nigeria would soon become the largest exporter of fertiliser in Africa as the Dangote Fertiliser Company is set to commence full production. According to him, pre-commissioning activities have started while construction work is still on-going at the Dangote Refinery site.
Speaking also, the Vice President of the Republic of Ghana, Dr. Mahamudu Bawumia, assured stakeholders in the petroleum downstream industry that the government would create an enabling environment for downstream business to thrive competitively, efficiently and with the highest of safety standards.
“Government, through the Ministry of Energy is in the process of ensuring institutional and regulatory re-alignment of the midstream gas subsector to bring clarity and a degree of certainty to players within that subsector.”
The GhIPCON is designed to actively bring to the fore the operating industry’s perspective and guidance on issues of governmental and regulatory policy, as well as best practices for the advancement of the industry across West Africa.
The conference witnessed a convergence of about 250 regulators and downstream industry stakeholders from across the West African sub-region and beyond.
On an earlier visit to the Dangote Refinery project, the President of Ghana, Nana Akufo-Addo, whose country has joined the league of oil producing nations, had said Africa could not wait any longer and that Ghana was specifically looking forward to the start of operation of the refinery.
Fuel Subsidy Removal: Tinubu Goofed, Needs Help
By Audu Liberty Oseni
In the last three months, I have written three articles showing clearly how FUEL SUBSIDY removal was the greatest error. Information that the Tinubu government paid N169.
Tinubu and his team knows that Nigerians have a culture of enduring suffering, but there is a limit to which they can endure.For that reason, they have decided to bring back the Fuel Subsidy to avert the likelihood of mass anger whose outcome cannot be exactly predicted.
It is clear that Mr. Bola Tinubu, the Nigerian President, and his market fundamentalist team, have come to the realization that we are right when we argue that Fuel Subsidy is an Energy Security Nigeria cannot do without.
They can longer sustain their arguments about subsidy removal, they now agree with some of us that maintaining fuel subsidy which has a direct impact on the price of commodities is a mandatory duty and not an option. They know they have goofed, perhaps those who feed on taxpayers’ money to think for the government failed to educate Tinubu that removing Fuel Subsidy in a country like Nigeria with a huge poverty rate and pronounced infrastructural deficit, with a poor transportation system is economy blasphemy that will lead to mass suffering and deaths.
Doesn’t Mr. Tinubu’s government know this truth? The West, particularly the United States who are quick to prescribe neoliberal capitalism to Africa as a solution for economic challenges does not practice that on its own soil.
The World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF), pushed Mr. Tinubu’s government and other African states to embrace Neoliberal capitalism. The hypocrisy in their action is that they ensure that in the United States, Britain, and the likes of them, the governments are committed to providing basic welfare packages for the citizens.
Unfortunately, the West has sustained a welfarist ideology ensuring their citizens live a decent life with the government bearing huge costs, is using the IMF and World Bank to force Mr. Tinubu’s government and other countries in Africa to embrace neoliberal capitalism is pushing citizens into poverty, with Subsidy Removal as the most effective weapon.
The problem is that African leaders and their Western allies Economists who cheer this kind of faulty thinking, do not have the understanding that the IMF and World Bank neoliberal capitalist prescription is to keep Africa permanently underdeveloped by destroying citizens purchasing power and the manufacturing sector.
The bitter truth Mr. Tinubu’s government and his neoliberal ideology auxiliary Economists have refused to accept is that there is no country in the world that has made any progress on the basis of IMF and World Bank neoliberal capitalism model which they push in the guise of Subsidy removal.
It is a known fact that countries like China and India which have made measurable impacts in lifting their citizens from poverty and growing their economy, refused to play by the IMF and World Bank rules. Tinubu has to have this kind of understanding if he must put Nigeria on the path of sustainable growth.
Tinubu and his neoliberal Economists propagandists must know that the United States and the West do not practice this kind of wicked capitalism ideology they push to Africa. At least, the 2009 global recession has shown that in the United States, neoliberal capitalism is a mere intellectual exercise that is not applicable to real-life situations.
Even as the US battled the economic recessions, the government did not remove subsidies, didn’t sack workers, didn’t crumble its economy through currency devaluation, and did not tax the citizens to raise money. As a matter of fact, the US government increased its expenditure and lowered taxes. The government did that so the poor would have money to spend on ground since the recession happened as a result of inadequate money in circulation. The Private sector got bailouts from the government against the neoliberal rules of economic development.
Evidence before us is that subsidy is not the problem, it is the corruption in the way it has been managed. Nigerians must demand that Mr. Tinubu’s government addresses corruption in the fuel subsidy management and reinstate it for the common good of all citizens.
The neoliberal Economists propagandists who have lost touch with reality and have refused to embrace developmental economics, who are advising Mr. Tinubu to continue with the neoliberal capitalist model that has been rejected by the West must stop.
Mr. Tinubu’s team needs to help him by exploring home-grown developmental economics models with governance and citizens’ welfare at the centre. Wicked capitalism with cruel policies has not helped any country in the world and Nigeria will not be an exception.
Audu Liberty Oseni, MAWA-Foundation Coordinator- firstname.lastname@example.org
Thirty-five Killed in Rivers’ Illegal Refining Explosion
Thirty-five persons have been confirmed dead in an explosion that rocked an illegal oil refining in Ibas in Emuoha Local Government Area of Rivers State.
The incident occurred Sunday night when some people were scooping petroleum product from the facility.
It was gathered that the victims mostly from Isiokpo in Ikwerre Local Government Area, Ibaa and Oduoha in Emohua LG, were selling the product at the site when the explosion occurred.
A resident of the area claimed that about 40 people were at the site scooping and bagging crude oil when the place caught fire.
He said the fire came from a refining site that is close to the point where they were bagging the crude.
According to him seven people died inside the pit where they were scooping the crude and about ten completely burnt.
He said about 30 people died at the site while over 15 have been rushed to the hospital and three died on the way.
Chairman of Emuoha Local Government Area, Dr Chidi Lloyd confirmed the incident.
“It is unfortunate that some youths were still engaging in the illicit trade despite repeated warnings and public advocacy to educate them on the inherent dangers,” he said.
He called on traditional rulers in the area to speak up against criminal activities within their domain noting that people who have been misguided would lose their lives in that kind of manner.
He explained anybody in Rivers State will bear him witness that there cannot be any shortcut to wealth.
According to him, traditional rulers have a duty to expose criminal elements within their neighborhood.
Dr. Lloyd also identified Oblle, Rukuni and Ndele as other communities where illegal oil refining activities persist and raised concerns about the role of the military in addressing the challenges in Ibaa community.
Spokesperson for the State Police Command, Grace Iringe-Koko, said she would find out about the incident.
The Public Relations Officer of the Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps, Rivers State Command, Olufemi Ayodele, said the anti-vandal unit has been dispatched to investigate the incident.
PIA: Shell’s EA Host Communities in Bayelsa Reject Clustering in Devt Trust
From Mike Tayese, Yenagoa
Seven communities at Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) Estuary Area (EA) in Bayelsa have insisted on their autonomy in development matters.
The communities in Ekeremor Local Government Area said they will continue to resist plans by SPDC to join them with five others in the Host Community Development Trust (HCDT)
The Petroleum Industry Act (PIA) 2021 mandates oil firms to set aside three per cent of their operational expenses for community development to be managed by HCDTs.
Leaders of the communities; Bisangbene, Amatu 1, Amatu II, Letugbene, Orobiri, Ogbintu, Azamabiri, said they would not hesitate to shut down the company’s operations if their demand was ignored.
Chairman of Bisangbene community, Timothy Geregere, and Ebis Rames, his counterpart in Amatu II community, spoke in separate interviews on Sunday.
They maintained their stand that they would not want to be clustered alongside other communities, adding that they had made the position clear in several letters to the company.
“We want to be treated separately in the EA oil field and we have written several letters to SPDC. We have also demonstrated that we need separation.
“We will not allow divide and rule in our communities, so we are telling the world that we should be allowed to operate a separate trust.
“The separation is necessary because we are about twelve communities in the EA and the twelve Communities cannot live together.
“We were initially about four different clans operating the GMoU, when the PIA came they invited us for a meeting, where they told us about it
“Right in the meeting we told Shell that we needed separation but they wanted to force the twelve communities together and we said no,”
He listed the 12 communities as Amatu 1, Amatu 2, Bisangbene, Letugbene, Bilabiri 1, Bilabiri 2, Ikeni, Izetu, Orobiri, Azamagbene, Agge and Ogbintu.
While Bisangbene, Amatu 1, Amatu 11, Letugbene, Orobiri, Ogbintu and Azamabiri, are the seven communities that have agreed to work together.
“If there is no separation in the PIA, there will be no operation in the EA field.
“For the past years, we have been making peace, giving them enabling environment to operate and we have already built peace to almost 89% but they are the ones now causing problem.
“We will shut down their operations, because I think for the past two years, even the GMOU has not been operating properly. The Communities are not benefiting anything for the past three years,”.
He also said they are facing challenge on community content plan policy which the SPDC is yet to sign after the communities endorsed the draft and have been awaiting its implimentation.
“SPDC brought community content plan to us, I think precisely last year, that Communities should sign and the Communities have signed and SPDC refused to sign its part.
“Up till this minute and we are saying they should sign that documents and we also want the GMoU, the remaining part of the GMOU to be paid to the communities,” Rames explained.
The communities also bemoaned the refusal of the oil firm to redeem its promises to employ indigenes of the areas, adding that they should be paid their peace bonus for being peaceful communities.
“There have been no employment from 2000 till now, I think the people Shell employed from our communities are not up to 10 and they are like casuals till this moment.
“No human capital development, No development, we are just suffering.
“Government should tell Shell to meet the demand of the communities, or else we will not have any option than to disrupt the operation till they meet our demands,” Geres said.
Mrs Bola Essien-Nelson, Media Relations Manager of SPDC declined to respond on the development when contacted.
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