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NAFDAC Prohibits Promotion, Sales of Breastmilk Substitute in Health Facilities 




The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) says it has prohibited the promotion and sales of Breastmilk Substitute (BMS) in health facilities.

Mrs Rahila Maishanu, BMS Desk Officer, NAFDAC, Kaduna Office stated this in Zaria, at a one-day training of health workers on the BMS Code and its compliance.

The Training was organised by the state Primary Health Care Board in collaboration with NAFDAC and supported by a global nutrition initiative, Alive & Thrive, under its Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition programme.

Maishanu said that the prohibition was in line with the International Code for Marketing of BMS adopted by the World Health Assembly in 1981 to promote protect and support optimal breastfeeding practices.

She described breastfeeding as a “high impact, low technology, cost effective” intervention for child survival and optimal cognitive development and sustainability.

She said however, that sadly that the practice was still very low with a national average for early initiation of breastfeeding at 23 per cent, while Kaduna state was at 13 per cent.

She added that the national average for exclusive breastfeeding stood at 34.4 per cent with Kaduna State a little bit higher at 41 per cent.

She attributed part of the problem to the aggressive marketing and promotion of BMS among mothers in communities including health facilities.

The desk officer said that the BMS Code and National Regulation among other things, prohibited the promotion of BMS and related products, including the distribution of free or low-cost supplies in health facilities.

“It also prohibits the advertisement of BMS and related products such as feeding bottles, cereals, teats, pacifiers, breast bump, juice, and baby teas among others to the public or at health facilities.

“The Code equally prohibits the provision of samples of any milk or infant formula marketed for feeding infants and young children and related products to pregnant women, new mothers, or their families.

“There shall be no company sales representatives to advise mothers or provide gifts or personal samples to health workers.

“No healthcare facility shall allow manufacturers or distributors of the BMS to use their facilities for commercial events, contests, or campaigns among other prohibitions,” she said.

She said that NAFDAC was empowered by law to implement, monitor, and enforce the provision of the International Code of Marketing BMS, under the provisions of the NAFDAC Act Cap N1 LFN 2004.

She said that the BMS Code served as a weapon to protect breastfeeding from the negative impact of aggressive advertising and marketing techniques by infant food manufacturers on breastfeeding practices.

Maishanu said that the Code was developed as a global public health strategy to protect breastfeeding mothers from the aggressive marketing of baby foods and ensure safe feeding and better nutrition for babies.

“The implementation and enforcement of the Code is aimed at protecting, promoting, and supporting breastfeeding, by ensuring appropriate marketing and distribution of BMS.

“The aim is to contribute to the provision of safe and adequate nutrition for infants, by the protection and promotion of optimal Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) for child survival, growth, and development.

“It was also to protect breastfeeding from the inappropriate marketing practices of Infant food manufacturers and distributors and to build the confidence of mothers to adopt best IYCF practices.

“It also ensures the proper use of breastmilk substitutes, when necessary, by providing adequate information and through appropriate marketing and distribution,” she said.

She stressed the need for the health workers to arm themselves with knowledge about the code and the national regulation to be able to do what was best for the children. (NAN)


Reps Call for Urgent Upgrade of Jos University Teaching Hospital




The House of Representatives, has called for the urgent upgrade of the Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH), to enable it deliver qualitative healthcare services.

The lawmakers, led by Rep Amos Magaji, Chairman of the Committee on Health Institutions, made the call during an oversight visit by the members to JUTH, on Tuesday in Jos.

Magaji, the lawmaker, representing Zango-Kataf/Jaba Federal Constituency, who decried the decaying facilities in the hospital, said the institution was in dire need of upgrade especially its equipment and infrastructure.

“It’s very unfortunate that this gigantic hospital has so many obsolete and nonfunctional equipment.

“Its disheartening that this hospital doesn’t have a functional MRI Machine; the CT scanning machine it has is also obsolete.

“In today’s modern medicine, diagnosis is key for effective health care delivery.

“Unfortunately, this cannot be attained without modern and functional equipment and radio-diagnostic tools.

“My committee has seen that the hospital is in dire need of attention for the upgrading and replacement of its obsolete equipment, as well as the renovation of its structure,” he said.

According to him, the hospital’s funding is grossly inadequate, a situation that the committee will look into with a view to addressing the issues appropriately.

The chairman, commended the management and staff of the institution for being proactive in executing their duties in spite of the daunting challenges.

Magaji, said the House of Representatives Committee on Health Institutions of the 10th National Assembly, was poised to revamp the health sector and also reverse the trend of medical tourism.

He said that the committee’s oversight functions were in line with the Renewed Hope Agenda of the President Bola Tinubu-led administration, aimed at ensuring better life for all citizens.

“Since we have very skilled and qualified medical personnel in this country, we must see to it that the health sector is revamped to enable the personnel work under a conducive atmosphere.

“It’s very saddening that most medical professionals abroad are Nigerians, but we are poised to do everything we can to reverse the trend.

“We will do everything to make the Nigerian hospitals a choice destination for medical and healthcare services for other countries.

“This would in turn make Nigeria a medical tourism destination country for people from other climes.

“This would also address the exodus of healthcare personnel,” Magaji said.

Dr Pokop Bupwatda, the Chief Medical Director (CMD) of JUTH, commended the committee for visiting the hospital.

Bupwatda, said that he was grateful that the committee had visited and seen the challenges confronting the hospital.

The CMD expressed optimism that those challenges would be addressed as soon as possible for better healthcare delivery services to the people.

“Iam glad the committee has seen our challenges in JUTH and its budgetary allocation over the past years.

“We are optimistic that the visit will address our plight and improve the funding of the hospital in 2025 .” he said.

The CMD, noted that JUTH had very skilled and qualified human capital to give the best healthcare services, but would need urgent replacement of its obsolete equipment.

He also commended the management and staff of the hospital, for their cooperation and putting in their best, in spite of the strenuous working conditions. (NAN)

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Psychiatrists Demand Decriminalization of Attempted Suicide 




By Ubong Ukpong, Abuja 

Association of Psychiatrists in Nigeria (APN) President, Prof. Taiwo James Obindo, has asked for the decriminalization of attempted suicide in the country.

He made the call at a stakeholders meeting organized by the House of Representatives Committee on Specialty Healthcare on the need to prioritize and implement the Mental Health Act.

Obindo said the establishment of the National Counselling Centers all over the country in an attempt to address mental health was like putting the cart before the horse, because suicide attempt was still a criminal offense in both the Criminal Act and the Penal Code.


“Hence the first step would be a move to decriminalize attempted suicide.

Criminalizing  attempted Suicide has proven to be a major barrier for suicide prevention intervention service uptake. 

“The archaic law, inherited from our Colonial masters, in an attempt to stop the act of suicide did not address the thoughts and social determinants of Suicide. Significant evidence showed that 90% of those who take their lives through suicide had a background history of Mental Health Conditions; out of which 80% are attributable to Depression due to various bio-psycho-social aetiologies. 

“Why do we, as a Nation, then punish individuals who are ill and need medical attention rather than prosecution? It will shock you to know that Nigeria, the giant of Africa, is lagging behind as quite a number of our neighbouring nations have abrogated that law.

“Establishing a Counselling center, without abrogating this archaic law would put, even the counselors at risk because the law also prescribes penalties for those who are aware of the plan but did not report,” he said.

The psychiatrists Association President called for the implementation of the Mental Health Act, which he said was a product of legislation that went through rigorous processes by the legislature, assented to by the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria in 2022, and has been gazetted as a law in the Country. 

This, he said, would address the “many years of neglect of this important aspect of our nationhood.”

Obindo said a requirement for the effective implementation of the Act was the establishment of a Mental Health Services Department in the Federal Ministry of Health. 

“It will shock you to hear that, more than a year later, the department is yet to be established. Most of, if not all, the items in your plan are meant to be supervised by this department in obedience to the rule of law! Hence, the establishment of the department is germane to the success of all your plans,” he said.

He said the Association of Psychiatrists in Nigeria was an umbrella body of all Psychiatrists in the Country and other allied Practitioners. 

He said they have been at the forefront of campaigns and advocacy for global best practices.

He lauded the Committee for the initiative, saying when well-implemented, would positively impact the hitherto neglected Mental Health, persons affected by Mental Health Conditions, and Mental Health Practitioners. 

Chairman of the Committee on  Special Healthcare, Dr Alex Egbona, said all stakeholders must partner to address mental health challenges and other related health cases.

The lawmaker said the committee was created to provide the requisite legislative frameworks for improved healthcare delivery in Nigeria.

He said the session was a collaborative initiative of the committee to share its mandate and planned activities with identified relevant institutions and organisations.

“I, therefore, solicit the support and partnership of all stakeholders, our development partners, international NGOs, and CSOs, you are all urged to take interest in building the capacity of the committee members and staff to enhance the efficacy of the committee.

“Consider our five thematic areas of Mental Health, Trauma and Obstetrics Fistula, Oral Health and ENT, Blood Transfusion, Blood and Management, Traditional Complementary and Alternative Medicine and engage the committee for maximum impact,” he said.

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WHO Expresses Concern over Monkey Pox Outbreak in DRC




25,318 suspected cases of monkey pox, including 1,204 deaths, have been reported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) since the declaration of monkey pox outbreak in December 2022.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) said on Tuesday.

According to the latest report, the outbreak, which was declared by the DRC Health Ministry on Dec.

16, 2022, was prompted by a notable surge in cases and fatalities associated with monkey pox as well as a fast spread to non-endemic provinces.

Since the beginning of 2024, a total of 5,133 suspected cases, including 321 deaths, have been reported, according to the WHO report. It warns that the current situation of the outbreak in the DRC is of “grave concern” due to the sustained increase in suspected cases compared to previous years.

It added that with a significant burden in younger populations, particularly children under 15 years of age, who constitute the majority of both suspected cases and deaths.

In April 2024, a high-level emergency regional meeting on monkey pox in Africa was convened in DRC capital Kinshasa, gathering 12 health ministers of regional countries, aiming to develop common strategies to prevent and intervene effectively in the face of monkey pox in Africa.

“We must prevent the DRC from becoming the source of cross-border transmission, and our partnership must prioritise the health of those affected,’’ said Jean Kaseya, the director general of the African Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) at the meeting.

“Over the years, monkey pox has become a real public health problem for our communities in the DRC, a regional threat and ultimately a global problem.

“We must now mobilise to resolve this crisis,” said Roger Kamba, DRC minister of public health, hygiene and prevention, said at the meeting.

Monkey pox, first detected in laboratory monkeys in 1958, is assumed to be transmitted from wild animals such as rodents to people or from human to human (Xinhua/NAN)

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