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Crypto Currencies’ Volatility Poses Financial Stability Risks for Nigeria, Others – IMF

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The International Monetary Fund said crypto currencies’ high volatility and valuation, as well as their increasing co-movement with equity markets will soon pose risks to financial stability in countries with widespread crypto adoption.

The IMF disclosed this in a blogpost titled, ‘Crypto Prices Move More in Sync With Stocks, Posing New Risks’, on Tuesday.’

According to the Chainalysis’ 2021 Global Crypto Adoption Index, Nigeria is the sixth leading country in the world in terms of cryptocurrency adoption. Vietnam, India, and Pakistan are the top three countries.

IMF said in the latest post that crypto assets were no longer on the sidelines of the financial system, adding that there was an increasing and sizable co-movement between crypto and equity markets that could cause shock, destabilising financial markets.

It disclosed that the stronger association between crypto and equities was apparent in emerging market economies, most of which are leading in crypto-asset adoption.

“The increased and sizable co-movement and spillovers between crypto and equity markets indicate a growing interconnectedness between the two asset classes that permits the transmission of shocks that can destabilise financial markets.

“Our analysis suggests that crypto assets are no longer on the fringe of the financial system. Given their relatively high volatility and valuations, their increased co-movement could soon pose risks to financial stability especially in countries with widespread crypto adoption,” the fund said.

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According to the IMF, crypto assets such as bitcoin have matured to become an integral part of the digital asset revolution, raising financial stability concerns.

The Washington-based lender said, “Before the pandemic, crypto assets such as bitcoin and ether showed little correlation with major stock indices. They were thought to help diversify risk and act as a hedge against swings in other asset classes.

“But this changed after the extraordinary central bank crisis responses of early 2020. Crypto prices and US stocks both surged amid easy global financial conditions and greater investor risk appetite.”

“Increased crypto-stocks correlation raises the possibility of spillovers of investor sentiment between those asset classes. Indeed, our analysis, which examines the spillovers of prices and volatility between crypto and global equity markets, suggests that spillovers from Bitcoin returns and volatility to stock markets, and vice versa, have risen significantly in 2020–21 compared with 2017–19,” it said.

BUSINESS

Lai Mohammed Plans Fact-finding on State of Petroleum Subsidy Removal

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Minister of Information and Culture, Alhaji Lai Mohammed, has said he will need to consult with relevant agencies to know the exact position of government on whether or not fuel subsidy will be stopped this year.

Mohammed, who spoke with newsmen yesterday after the weekly virtual Federal Executive Council (FEC) meeting presided over by Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo at the State House, Abuja, explained that he was going to initiate a fact-finding process to determine the state of things on the removal of petroleum subsidy following the announcement Tuesday by Senate President, Dr Ahmad Lawan, that President Buhari had not told anyone to remove fuel subsidy.

When asked to clarity the issue since the 2022 budget has no subsidy provision beyond June 2022, the minister said he needed to consult with the relevant government agencies to determine the exact position of the subsidy removal question.

“As for the removal of fuel subsidy, I think you will give me time to consult with relevant departments and ministries and I will get back to you,” he said.

Last October, the Minister of Finance, Budget and National Planning, Mrs. Zainab Ahmed, had announced that the federal government made provision for petrol subsidy only for the first six months of 2022 as the government looked towards a complete deregulation of the sector.

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She had said: “In our 2022 budget, we only factored in subsidy for the first half of the year. The second half of the year, we are looking at complete deregulation of the sector, saving foreign exchange and potentially earning more from the oil and gas industry.”

Reacting to Ahmed’s position after meeting with President Muhammadu Buhari at the State House, Abuja on Tuesday, Senate President, Lawan, told newsmen that President Buhari had not directed anyone in his government to implement the removal of petroleum subsidy.

But he also conceded that subsidy was a big burden, noting that a solution had to be found to it.

“Well, it will be of interest to Nigerians to hear what I’ve come to discuss with Mr. President among several other things.

“Many of us are very concerned with the recent agitations, protests and many citizens were so concerned, our constituents across the country are very concerned that the federal government will remove the petroleum subsidy. And for us, as parliamentarians, as legislators representing the people of Nigeria, this must be of interest to us.

“And we’ve just finished our recess, we had gone home to our constituencies and senatorial districts. And we felt the pulse of our people. And I found it necessary to visit Mr. President, as the the leader of our government and our leader in the country, to discuss this particular issue of concern to Nigerians, and I’m happy to inform Nigerians that Mr. President never told anyone that the petroleum subsidy should be removed.

See also  Cryptocurrency: We Acted in Nigerians’ Best Interest ― Emefiele

“I know and I agree that the subsidy is very heavy. But I think we must never transfer the burden to the citizens,” he said.

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Economy

Zulum Seeks Collective Fund-raising in Recharging Lake Chad & Hawul Basins

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Borno State Governor, Babagana Zulum, has called for a collective fund raising that would be channeled towards recharging the Lake Chad and the Hawul Basins which have been the major sources of livelihood for about 30 million people before it receded by 90%.

Governor Zulum made the called on Tuesday, when he visited the Minister of Water Resources, Engineer Suleiman Adamu, at the ministry’s headquarters in Abuja.

During the meeting which lasted for about an hour, Zulum noted that funds could be raised through collaborations with the United Nations regional stabilization facility, other foreign and Nigerian based development partners such as the Northeast Development Commission, as well as contributions from states within the Lake Chad region.

He noted that the funds would be channeled towards recharging the Lake Chad Basin which was a source of livelihood for about 30 million people before it receded by 90%.

Speaking on Hawul River Basin, Governor Zulum, a professor of Irrigation Engineering, suggested the possible use of distilling and suppressing vacuum techniques to expand the capacity of the basin, while promising Borno Government’s support for urgent measures considered by the Federal Government.

“At our own level, we are ever ready to provide the needed political will to thrive these important projects”, Zulum said.

See also  Cryptocurrency: We Acted in Nigerians’ Best Interest ― Emefiele

Responding, the Water Resources Minister, Engineer Suleiman Adamu, assured the governor of President Buhari’s commitment to reviving the Lake Chad.

He also promised that the ministry will henceforth shift focus from executing fragmented projects to a strategic and ambitious one that can make massive impact on the lives of people in Borno and rest of the Lake Chad region.

Governor Zulum was accompanied by the State Commissioner of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Engr. Bukar Talba.

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BUSINESS

Oil Thief Bags Two Years Jail Term in P/H

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By Gom Mirian, Abuja

Justice E. A. Obile of the Federal High Court, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, has convicted and sentenced an oil thief, Francis Ezeakolam to two years imprisonment for illegally dealing in petroleum products without an appropriate licence.

 Ezeakolam was convicted on Tuesday January 18, 2022 after pleading “guilty” to a one-count charge on illegal oil dealing.

The charge reads, “That you Francis Ezeakolam on or about the 9th May, 2021 at Port Harcourt, Rivers State within the jurisdiction of this honourable court did deal in petroleum product, to wit: 1,600 litres of Automotive Gas Oil (AGO) conveyed in a Volkswagen bus with registration number WER 473 ZZ which is not of good quality, contrary to Section 1 (18) (ii) of the Miscellaneous Offences Act, Cap M17, of the Revised Edition  (Laws of the Federation of Nigeria) 2007 and punishable under Section 18 (1) (ii) of the same Act”.

He pleaded “guilty” when the charge was read to him.

In view of his plea, prosecution counsel Ebiriukwu Deborah, led Prosecution Witness 1, Assistant Superintendent of the EFCC, Olawuyi Ridwan, to review the facts of the case. Ridwan told the court that, the defendant was arrested on May 9, 2021, through verified intelligence by operatives of the EFCC in an anti- bunkering operation around Borikiri/Aggrey Road, Port Harcourt, Rivers State for illegal dealing in petroleum products without an appropriate license

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He explained further that:  “The defendant was also arrested alongside a Volkswagen bus with registration number WER 473 ZZ and Nissan Bus with registration number AE 974 BND while transloading products suspected to be illegally refined Automotive Gas Oil (AGO) packed in cellophane bags”.

Counsel to the defendant, Francis Echiane prayed the court to temper justice with mercy, stressing that the defendant “is a first- time offender and does not have previous criminal records. In addition, he has learnt his lessons. He is married with children. His wife and children will have no one to provide for them”.

Justice Obile convicted and sentenced the defendants to two years imprisonment with an option of fine of N200, 000.00. He ordered that the 1,600 litres of illegally- refined Automotive Gas Oil (AGO) be forfeited to the Federal Republic of Nigeria and subsequently destroyed. He also ordered that the evidence of destruction of the forfeited products be filed in the court.

This is in addition to an undertaking of good behaviour to be signed by the convict.

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